A. Ahsin Thohari


The authorities and obligation of The Constitutional Court of
The Republic of Indonesia based on Article 24C of the 1945
Constitution are very close to the ideas and the implementation
of democracy. This is related to the fact that the establishment
of The Court is intended to provide assurance of strengthening
constitutional democracy as well as maintaning checks and
balances between branches of the state power. One of the things
that can be observed is after The Court’s establishment,
awareness both in The House of Representatives and The
President are emminent whereby that laws shall be formed by
observing the norms of democracy and human rights, and shall
not be contradictory to the 1945 Constitution, as the supreme
law of the land. The House and The President shall assume
that when there is a part of the article or even the entire law
decided by The Court is in contradictory to the 1945 Constitution
and therefore does not have any legally binding force, it is
considered a dark political note which can reduce their
credibility in public image. This is the probably one of the
successes of the Constitutional court within the Indonesian state


The Constitutional Court of The Republic of Indonesia

Full Text:



Arifin, Firmansyah, et. al. Menggapai Keadilan Konstitusi, Suatu

Rekomendasi untuk Revisi UU Mahkamah Konstitusi.

Jakarta: Konsorsium Refomasi Hukum Nasional dan

Democratic Reform Support Program, 2008.

Asshiddiqie, Jimly. Konstitusi dan Konstitusionalisme. Jakarta:

Konstitusi Press, 2004.

________, dan M. Ali Safaat. Teori Hans Kelsen tentang Hukum.

Jakarta: Setjen & Kepaniteraan MK-RI, 2006.

________, dan Mustafa Fakhri. Mahkamah Konstitusi: Kompilasi

Ketentuan Konstitusi, Undang-Undang, dan Peraturan di 78

Negara. Jakarta: Pusat Studi Hukum Tata Negara

Universitas Indonesia, 2003.

Cappelletti, Mauro. The Judicial Process in Comparative

Perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Ferejohn, John, and Pasquale Pasquino. “Constitutional

Adjudication: Lesson from Europe”, dalam Texas Law

Review. Vol. 82, 2004.

Mahfud MD., Moh. “The Role of The Constitutional Court in

The Development of Democracy in Indonesia”. Paper

presented in the World Conference on Constitutional

Justice, Cape Town, January 23-24, 2009.

McIlwain, Charles Howard. Constitutionalism: Ancient and

Modern. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press,

Mohl, Robert. Two Concepts of the Rule of Law. Indianapolis:

Liberty Fund Inc., 1973.

Republik Indonesia. Undang-Undang tentang Mahkamah

Konstitusi. Undang-Undang Nomor 24 Tahun 2003, LN

Nomor 98, TLN Nomor 4316.

Stockmann, Petra. The Indonesian Constitutional Court, a Study

into its Beginnings and First Years of Work. Jakarta: Hans

Seidel Foundation, 2007.

Sweet, Alec Stone. “Constitutional Courts and Parliamentary

Democracy”, dalam Jurnal West European Politics. Vol.

, No. 1, January 2002.

Syahrizal, Ahmad. Peradilan Konstitusi, Suatu Studi tentang

Adjudikasi Konstitusional sebagai Mekanisme Penyelesaian

Sengketa Normatif. Jakarta: Pradnya Paramita, 2006.

Thohari, A. Ahsin. “Demokrasi Sekaligus Nomokrasi”, Artikel

Opini dalam Harian Kompas, edisi 7 November 2003.

Umbach, Dieter C. “Kisah Keberhasilan Eropa-Mahkamah

Konstitusi, Beberapa Aspek Teoretis”, dalam Norbert

Eschborn, (ed.), Tugas dan Tantangan Mahkamah Konstitusi

di Negara-negara Transformasi dengan Contoh Indonesia.

Jakarta: Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, 2005.

Wolin, Sheldon S. Politics and Vision: Continuity and Innovation in

Western Political Thought. Boston: Little Brown and

Company, 1960.