Siti Maemunah, M.Lukman Hakim


The increasing concentration of green house gasses–water
vapor, carbondioxide, and methane–in the atmosphere trapped
sun’s heat and warming up the earth. This phenomenon has
been going on for years, also known as Global Warming, that
eventually causing climate change. In order to respond this
anthropogenic climate change, countries ratifying the Kyoto
Protocol are endorsing conservation and forest security to
balance carbon emission, later known as part of Clean
Development Mechanism project. The last forests in Southern
Countries are certified and the credits then can be traded by
companies in developed countries, the highest green house
gasses emitters. By participating in foreign CDM projects, these
developed countries already considered carbon-neutral for their
emission. Lately, Carbon Credit mechanism dominates the
discussion of pursuing Kyoto Protocol’s target which to reduce
the world emission by 5% in 2012. Through this system, the
Annex 1 countries should pay 100 to 500 million dollar US per
one million hectare of forest annually. Nevertheless, in closer
observation it revealed that the Carbon Credit presents as
smokescreen to alter the primary issue that causing climate
change, failure in global development model and to elude taking
responsibility in global climate change impact management.
Therefore, there has been no attempt in shifting lifestyle to
reduce the consumption of fossil-based energy, both in the
Annex 1 or non-Annex 1 countries. Instead, the consumption
of fossil-based energy has continuously increasing worldwide.
In Indonesia, forest clearing keep happening along with the
increasing rate of mining excavation and coal export especially
to Annex 1 countries.

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