DIMENSI POLITIK DAN SOSIAL PEMANASAN GLOBAL

Sudharto P. Hadi

Abstract

The impact of global warming has been around us. The impact
includes sea level rise, sea temperature rise, air temperature
rise, increase rainfall, increase evaporation and increase tropical
storm. Indonesia is vulnarable to the impact of global warming
due to the fact that Indonesia is an archipelagic country with
many small islands, has second longest coast line in the world,
and has 65 % of population live in coastal area. The availability
of water is influenced by climate change and it will affect to
agriculture, animal husbandry and fishery.
Heavy and unregular rainfall, thunderstorm and heat
temperature creating flood, landslide are among the phenomena
of climate change triggered by global warming. The commitment
to reduce CO2 emmission has been declared through Protocol
Kyoto in 1997. However, the realization went slowly. Japan
has a commitment to reduce its emmission up to 6% but its
production of emmision still 8.1%. European countries targeted
to reduce its emmission up to 8%. Until the year of 2003, they
reduced its emmission at 1.7%. The U.S, the largest producer of
CO2 emmission, has not ratified Protocol Kyoto.
After world conference on climate change in Bali, Indonesia
followed up by setting up a National Action Plan and promoting
mitigation and adaptation strategies. The issues regarding this
strategies are the weakness of coordination among related
department, sectoral egoism and big project orientation. Another
strategy called energy efficiency is required to promote. This
strategy includes the change of behaviour to safe the energy, to
use public transportation, to utilize renewable energy, to plant
the tree etc. If the environmentally friendly movement is widely
done by many people across the country, the contribution to
reduce the impact of climate change could be significant.

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