Mohammad ‘Azzam Manan


In sociological perspective, this article shows that domestic violence is a
kind of criminal actions which is spread anywhere without ethnic groups,
believes, and social status limitations. Although in the beginning domestic
violence is a privacy matter, it has been considered public interest and a
criminal action due to the impact of any types of this violence to victims
physically, sexually, and mentally are very bad and serious. As a criminal
action, domestic violence has been subjected to criminal punishment according
to the Indonesian Law Number 23 the Year 2004 on the Elimination of Domestic
Violence. In addition, it is also considered violence toward humanity based on
the human rights principles. However, in the present day there are strong
indications that domestic violence in Indonesia from time to time increases in
The objective of this discussion is to get an explanation on direct and
indirect factors leading to this social problem. In addition, the purpose of the
study is also aimed to recommend how to eliminate or at least to decrease
domestic violence as a social problem in number. This study found that those
factors are able to be divided into two categories, i.e. internal and external
factors. The internal factors mean any kinds of actors’ and victims’
characteristics connecting with their social background and status. In the
other hand, the external factors are all cultural value systems, incompatible
conditions, especially conflict and anomie situation, and economy problems.
Over all, domestic violence occurs due to the abuse of power.
In order to eliminate domestic violence in every level of actions, all factors
leading to the problem in society should be removed by strengthening social
networking, understanding local wisdom, and strengthening economic
foundation and structure. Moreover, the implementation of religion messages
in a daily real life should also be conducted by every actors of any household.

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Status sosial dan keturunan membawa implikasi terhadap konsep tentang

pelapisan sosial atau stratifikasi sosial (social stratification) dalam

masyarakat, yaitu suatu konsep yang melihat pembedaan atau

pengelompokan anggota masyarakat secara vertikal atau bertingkat.

Pitirim A. Sorokin menyebutnya pembedaan penduduk atau masyarakat

ke dalam kelas-kelas secara bertingkat atau hierarkis, yang mengambil

bentuk dalam lapisan yang tinggi dan lapisan-lapisan di bawahnya. Lebih

jauh, lihat